The United States-Mexico-Canada Agreement (USMCA) formerly known as the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) enables citizens of the United States and Mexico to work in Canada under specified categories. These categories may be eligible to work in Canada without the requirement for a Labour Market Impact Assessment (LMIA) or, in some cases, a work permit. These people are classified into NAFTA Professionals, NAFTA Intra-Company Transferees, NAFTA Investors, NAFTA Traders and NAFTA Business Visitors.
As a prerequisite, applicant’s citizenship must be Canadian, Mexican, or American. Permanent residents of these countries are not eligible under this program. Generally, application may be done in any of the following ways:
- Outside Canada at a Canadian visa office prior to entering to Canada
- At a Canadian Port of Entry
- From within Canada If the person is already inside the country as a temporary resident