The best way to become a permanent citizen of Canada is to apply from India. You are able to live and work continuously in Canada if you have a PR status. Although the Canada Permanent Resident visa is permanent, it has only a five-year validity period.
If you are planning to move to Canada, you must be searching for a lot of answers to questions buzzing around your head, such as how to get permanent residency in Canada, what is the Canada PR process, etc. Also, you may have queries like the Canada PR requirements, how much time it would take for the whole process to complete, and so on.
Don’t worry; it’s nothing new.
It happens with every individual planning to move to a new nation. So, let us briefly discuss all these topics and have a little idea about Canadian immigration and the process involved.
Any foreign national who has been granted permanent resident status after moving to Canada but is not a citizen of Canada is known as a permanent resident of Canada. Canadian permanent residents enjoy almost similar rights to that of a Canadian citizen, with some exceptions. They must, however, preserve their status, unlike citizens, by completing certain conditions such as the residence requirement.
Benefits of Canada PR Visa
As a permanent resident of Canada, you’ll enjoy a lot of benefits. Some of them are as follows:
1. Opportunity to live and work anywhere in Canada
Permanent residents of Canada have the legal right to live and work anywhere in the country. For example, if a new public relations professional begins in Montreal but finds a better position in Toronto, he or she has every right to relocate. Permanent residents are not bound to any one employment or province.
Furthermore, Canadian permanent residents can leave and enter Canada using their Canadian permanent resident card or permanent resident travel credentials (PRTD).
2. Availability of universal healthcare and social service schemes
Healthcare in Canada is universal, which implies that everyone has access to free medical treatment. In addition, individuals who become permanent residents have access to Canada’s healthcare and social services schemes.
3. Family sponsorship
As a permanent resident, you can sponsor your spouse, common-law partner, and dependent children to Canada. However, if you apply for immigration through Express Entry, you can include your family on your original application and avoid having to sponsor them afterward.
4. Free education for children
Children of Canadian permanent residents are entitled to free education till the end of high school. Following graduation, post-secondary education is also significantly less expensive for permanent residents than for overseas students.
5. Opportunity to become a Canadian citizen
Gaining a Canadian permanent resident (PR) status is the first step in becoming a Canadian citizen. PRs can become citizens after living in Canada for three of the last five years. Once a permanent resident has obtained Canadian citizenship, they are eligible to vote, apply for a Canadian passport, and are no longer required to renew their status in the nation.
6. Protected rights
As a permanent resident, your rights will be protected under Canadian law and the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms.
Canada PR is a bit complex and tedious process wherein the Canada PR process time varies anywhere between 6 to 12 months. So now, when you are aware of the benefits of getting a Canadian PR, let us move ahead to understand the Canada PR requirements and process.
Requirements for Canada PR Visa
If you are planning to immigrate to Canada, then there are some essentials Canada PR requirements you need to meet, such as:
- Meet the 67 points eligibility criteria
- Complete the documentation and visa application process
- Match the required CRS cut-off score
How to Apply for Canada PR Visa from India?
If you are planning to move to Canada, the best way would be to get a Canadian PR which allows immigrants to work, live or study anywhere in Canada for a period of five years. There are multiple pathways to acquire a Canadian PR but before that, let us understand step by step Canada PR Visa process from India:
Step 1: Complete your ECA and appear for IELTS
Step 2: Create your Express Entry Profile
Step 3: Apply for PNP and get an ITA
Step 4: Complete your medical & background check
Step 5: Receive CoPR and then your PR Card
Let us discuss the whole process to get a Canada PR visa from India in brief:
Step 1: Complete your ECA (Education Credential Assessment)
Individuals applying for a Canadian PR may be required to show equivalence to Canadian education, i.e., candidates must get an Educational Credential Assessment (ECA) certificate.
Step 2: Appear for the English Language Proficiency Test (IELTS)
You’ll be required to demonstrate your language skills in any or both of Canada’s official languages, English or French.
Step 3: Create your Express Entry Profile
After successfully applying under any of the three federal economic immigration programs, you’ll be required to create an Express Entry profile under the Express Entry program itself.
Step 4: Apply for PNP (optional)
Express entry permits the candidate to apply for provincial nomination. If you obtain the certificate, you will receive additional 600 CRS points for your provincial nomination.
Step 5: Get an ITA
Higher-ranked profiles are then given an ITA (Invitation to Apply) to apply for a PR Visa within 60 days.
Step 6: Complete your medical and background check
In this case, you must get a Medical and Police Clearance Certificate (PCC). Once these documents are submitted, IRCC will review your PR Visa application. If there are any further requirements, the candidate must be prepared to give the requested information at this stage.
Step 7: Receive CoPR
Following a satisfactory application review, you will be awarded a CoPR (Confirmation of Permanent Resident) at this stage.
And that’s it!
Now you can enter Canada as an Indian permanent resident!
Canada PR Visa Eligibility Criteria
First things first, if you are planning to move to Canada, checking your Canada PR eligibility should be your first step toward Canada immigration. Here, you should know that individuals applying for a Canadian PR visa under the Express Entry program are assessed on a points-based selection process popularly known as the 67 points eligibility system. The Express Entry System is divided into three sections:
- Federal Skilled Workers Program (FSWP)
- Federal Skilled Trades Program (FSTP)
- Canadian Experience Class (CEC)
If you are a skilled worker, you can apply for a permanent residency visa under the Federal Skilled Workers Program. The Canadian government launched this initiative in 2015 to attract qualified and skilled professionals.
To be eligible for this program, you must score 67 points out of 100 based on the following six selection factors:
1. Age (Maximum 12 points)
Those aged 18 to 35 receive the maximum points. Those over the age of 35 receive fewer points, while the highest age to qualify is 45.
2. Education (Maximum 25 points)
Your educational qualification must be equivalent to higher secondary education in Canada, which will help you gain the maximum points in this category.
3. Work experience (Maximum 15 points)
To gain good points in this category, you should have at least one year of full-time job experience, wherein more job experience means more points. Also, your occupation must be categorized in the National Occupational Classification (NOC) as Skill Type 0 or Skill Level A or B.
4. Language ability (Maximum 24 points)
You should have at least an overall IELTS score of 6.0 bands to gain minimum language ability points. You can also earn bonus points based on your fluency in the French language.
5. Adaptability (Maximum 10 points)
If your spouse or common-law partner is willing to accompany you to Canada, you will receive 10 bonus points for flexibility or adaptability factors.
6. Arranged employment (Maximum 10 points)
If you have a genuine offer from a Canadian company, you can earn up to 10 points.
Documents Required for Canada PR from India
Submitting the right set of documents is the most important step for your Canada immigration journey. One single mistake can make or break your chances of immigrating to Canada. The list of required documents to move to Canada from India is as given below:
- ECA (Educational Credential Assessment)
- Language test results (IELTS etc.)
- Education Documents (like degrees, diplomas, or certificates)
- Identity proof documents
- Proof of funds
- Medical certificate and Police Clearance Certificate (PCC)
- Traveling documents like passport and so on
- Other documents, if required by the authority
Immigration Pathways for Canada PR Visa from India
There are over 100 immigration pathways to Canada PR. However, the following are the major Canada immigration pathways that allow an Indian to move to Canada:
1. Express Entry
Express Entry is the fastest way to move to Canada as a permanent resident. Under the Express Entry program, you can immigrate to Canada as a skilled worker.
2. Family Sponsorship
Under the family sponsorship program, you can sponsor applications of your relatives and other family members to immigrate.
3. Provincial nominees
You can move to Canada by getting nominated by a Canadian province or territory.
4. Quebec selected skilled-workers program
You can also opt to move to Quebec province in Canada as a skilled worker.
5. Atlantic Immigration Pilot (AIP) program
AIP is a PR pathway for skilled foreign workers and international graduates from a Canadian institution who want to work and live in one of Canada’s 4 Atlantic provinces, i.e., Prince Edward Island, New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, or Newfoundland and Labrador.
You can also choose to move to Canada as a caregiver to children, elderly people or those with special medical needs.
7. Start-up Visa
If you are someone with a start-up plan in mind, you can move to Canada on a Start-up visa. It will ultimately help the Canadian economy to boost and grow at a rapid pace.
Immigrate to Canada as self-employed in cultural or athletic activities.
Rural and Northern Immigration Pilot: You can move to Canada under this pilot program which primarily helps smaller Canadian communities to grow and contribute more to the Canadian economy.
As you can see, this is not the exhaustive list of available programs, but yes, the pathways mentioned above are some of the most prominent Canadian immigration pathways.
Why Choose WISA India?
WISA India offers expert Canada immigration services to individuals of all backgrounds. If you are a professional or student looking to move to Canada, you can trust our team of experienced, certified and professional Canada PR experts.
We will not only guarantee you Canada PR success but assure you of providing end to end customer services, right from immigration guidance, IELTS preparation, documentation, and visa filing to post landing services. We are here to make your Canada immigration journey much smoother, easier and more comfortable.
So, stop waiting and contact us now to begin your Canada PR application process!
FAQ for Canada PR Visa
How many Points are Required for Canada PR?Miguel Lopez2022-07-10T15:38:22-05:00
If you are an overseas skilled worker, you must apply for Canada PR through FSWP (Federal Skilled Worker Program). For the FSW stream, you must have at least 67 points based on six selection factors, i.e., language skills, education, experience, age, adaptability and arranged employment in Canada. Once you are selected, you will be added to the Express Entry applicant pool.
How many IELTS Bands are Required for Canada PR?Miguel Lopez2022-07-10T15:36:29-05:00
The minimum IELTS score requirement for your Canada PR visa may vary across different programs. Generally, the minimum IELTS score required for your Canada PR visa through Express Entry or PNP mode is 6 bands in each module. Similarly, a minimum of 4.5 bands in each module is required under Saskatchewan Immigrant Nominee Program (Occupation in-demand stream).
What is the Period of Validity of the Canada PR visa?Miguel Lopez2022-07-10T15:35:31-05:00
Canada PR visa is valid for five years, and you’ll be required to submit your renewal application 6 months before the expiry.
What is an ECA?Miguel Lopez2022-07-10T15:34:47-05:00
ECA stands for Educational Credential Assessment, and it is required to validate your foreign degree, diploma or certificate while assessing its equivalency to the Canadian educational standards.
Which organisations are designated by CIC to issue an ECA?Miguel Lopez2022-07-10T15:34:07-05:00
Some of the CIC (Citizenship and Immigration Canada) designated organisations authorised to issue an ECA report are as follows:
- World Education Services (WES)
- International Credential Evaluation Service
- International Credential Assessment Service of Canada (ICAS)
- International Qualifications Assessment Service (IQAS)
- Comparative Education Service (CES), University of Toronto School of Continuing Studies
Is there any difference between Canada PR and Canadian citizenship?Miguel Lopez2022-07-10T15:32:50-05:00
The key distinction is that before becoming a citizen, a person must first become a permanent resident. Then, after meeting specific residency criteria, permanent residents can apply for citizenship.
Canadian permanent residents enjoy almost similar kinds of rights to that of a Canadian Citizen. But there are a few exceptions to those rights, such as:
- Permanent residents (PRs) can not vote or be a candidate in elections
- PRs can not apply for a Canadian passport
- PRs do not have the option to be educated in the official language of their choice
- Also, PRs do not have unqualified rights to enter, remain in or leave Canada
What are the benefits of becoming a Canadian permanent resident?Miguel Lopez2022-07-10T15:49:39-05:00
1. Enjoy Mobility Rights: This means that with a PR Status, you can work and live in any city or province you choose with complete freedom to move around the country.
2. Universal (FREE) Healthcare and Social Services: This means that the government ensures that most medical treatment is free and funded by the government. Canada also boasts of the best medical staff, treatments and facilities worldwide. See Canada’s global ranking here
3. Better Education Opportunities: The country ensures all young citizens have access to quality education regardless of their background. The Canadian government spends the highest on education in comparison to other countries in the world. Canada offers high-quality education at affordable rates with degrees that are recognized worldwide. See Canada’s global ranking on education here.
4. Safety: Strict gun laws ensure lesser crimes and violence, boosting Canada’s global reputation to 9.7 out of 10 for safety and security (OECD Better Life Index, 2014). Click here to see Canada’s ranking.
5. Cultural Diversity: Currently, 41 of Canada’s 338 members of parliament were born overseas. This creates greater tolerance and inclusivity towards various cultures, lifestyles and beliefs at the core of the government and its people. Ensuring a tolerant and broad-minded society.
6. More opportunities: firstly, you will be earning in dollars for which Canada has a variety of booming career options. Canada also has one of the strongest economies of the world- which means: quality of life for its residents and more income opportunities.
When a country ensures that the basic necessities of life are given to its citizens, the many perks that follow are:
- Work-Life is balanced
- Equal pay for equal work
- Sophisticated art, culinary and cultural mix
- Kind, generous, tolerant, and good-natured people
- A relaxed and peaceful retirement
- Beautiful landscapes, natural resources, and living options
How to Become a Permanent Resident of Canada?Miguel Lopez2021-05-14T15:46:00-05:00
There are several routes to becoming a Canadian permanent resident. See Path to Citizenship for more details. Need assistance? schedule a free consultation with us here.