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How the Canada PNP Works {2022}

How the Canada PNP Works {2022}2023-04-14T12:15:07-05:00
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What is PNP Canada Requirements 2022?

Provincial Nominee Program are one of the simplest and quickest Canada PR pathways for individuals planning to immigrate to a particular Canadian province or territory. 

The most notable thing about the Canada is its uniqueness in terms of eligibility, requirements and processing time. In addition, each Canadian province and territory has its own nominee program tailored to meet its economic and demographic needs.

In Canada, the federal government makes the final decision about Canada’s PR status, which simply means that Canadian provinces cannot grant permanent resident status on their own. Due to this scenario, provincial programs are referred to as “nominee” programs.

In this process, the province will nominate the successful PNP applicant to apply for permanent residency with the federal government of Canada. 

Except for Nunavut and Quebec, each Canadian province and territory has its own unique Provincial Nominee Program (PNP) tailored to meet its economic and demographic demands. While Quebec has its own program for welcoming newcomers to the province, Nunavut has no such initiatives. Since program requirements and application procedures vary greatly between provinces, prospective applicants should check with each province to determine whether they are qualified or not.

Read on to know more about the Canada PNP Program process and requirements!


Ontario Immigrant Nominee Program (OINP)

Ontario province is located in the central-eastern part of Canada. Ontario is one of the most active province in Canada. It has produced a nexus of economic, social, and political opportunities for all.

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Alberta Immigrant Nominee Program (AINP)

Alberta offers a variety of pathways through which you can move to Alberta permanently. Each pathway has different eligibility requirements and application process.

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saskatchewan pnp

Saskatchewan Immigrant Nominee Program (SINP)

Located in the western part of the country, Saskatchewan is one of the three ‘prairie provinces of Canada’. It is rich in farmlands and is considered one of the agricultural production hubs of Canada.

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Nova Scotia PNP

Nova Scotia Provincial Nominee Program

Nova Scotia is a small Maritime Canadian province located on the east coast of Canada. It is a major center for culture and arts and known for its coastal beauty.

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British Columbia Provincial Nominee Program (BCPNP)

British Columbia Provincial Nominee Program (BCPNP)

British Columbia (BC) is one of the westernmost provinces of Canada. With a rapidly growing economy, British Columbia also has a high demand for skilled workers.

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Manitoba PNP

Manitoba Provincial Nominee Program

Manitoba is a province with safe cities, good air, and a diverse range of cultures and languages. The province has the oldest established PNP in the country.

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Prince Edward Island PNP

Prince Edward Island Provincial Nominee Program (PEI PNP)

Prince Edward Island may be the smallest province of Canada, but owing to its thriving tourism, agriculture and fishing industries, it attracts many immigrants looking for a high quality of life.

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Newfoundland and Labrador PNP Program

Newfoundland and Labrador Provincial Nominee Program

The easternmost province of Canada – Newfoundland and Labrador is made up of two distinct landmasses. Newfoundland is an island but the landmass of Labrador is connected to the mainland while.

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New Brunswick PNP

New Brunswick Provincial Nominee Program (NBPNP)

The province of New Brunswick is located on the eastern coast of Canada, and has several unique Provincial Nominee Programs. These programs have been designed to fill the labour gaps in the province.

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Northwest Territories Nominee Program

Northwest Territories Nominee Program (NTNP)

The province is situated in northern Canada. Yellowknife is its capital city and the province is home to Canada’s largest lake, the Great Bear Lake.  

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Yukon PNP

Yukon Nominee Program (YNP)

The Canadian province of Yukon is historically famous. A low population and burgeoning economy make it an ideal choice for immigrants who like the outdoors and value strong community ties. 

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PNP Canada Requirements 2022

Before moving to a decision, you should be well aware of the PNP program requirements. It will help you to understand the Canadian immigration process easily. In addition to other language and academic criteria, provinces and territories frequently seek candidates with job experience relevant to their labour market. Canada is divided into 10 provinces and 3 territories, wherein each province has its own qualifying standards for language competence, education, and skill set. Here is the list of Canadian provinces and territories for your reference:

Canadian Provinces Canadian Territories
Alberta Northwest Territories
British Columbia Nunavut
Manitoba Yukon
New Brunswick
Newfoundland and Labrador
Nova Scotia
Prince Edward Island

PNP Program Application Process

Let us understand the process in simple steps:

First, choose the best suited PNP for you: Look at the list of provinces and territories mentioned above to select where you want to immigrate. Also, check their individual eligibility requirements for each PNP to ensure your eligibility.

Apply to your desired PNP: Apply for a provincial nomination to your preferred province or territory.

Obtain a Provincial Nomination certificate: Once your application is approved, the province or territory will nominate you to apply for Canadian permanent residency.

Submit your PR application: Apply for permanent residency with the Canadian federal government. You can apply online if your preferred PNP is linked with Express Entry. Otherwise, you must submit a hardcopy application.

Eligibility Criteria

You may qualify for a Canadian PNP if you have a link to a province, employment experience, or skills recognised as in-demand.

The eligibility criteria for PNPs differ with each province. However, PNPs are designed to attract employees who can easily contribute to the economy and have a high possibility of remaining in that province since they are part of an economic immigration plan. As a result, certain PNPs favour immigrants with experience in in-demand occupations in that province. Other PNPs prefer immigrants with a link to the province, such as a family, as it will increase their chances of staying in a particular province.

Young candidates with great language abilities, high levels of education, and competent job experience, like with most economic immigration schemes, have a stronger chance of success. Otherwise, you can also consult our experts to assess the qualifying conditions for each PNP separately.

Express Entry Provincial Nominee Programs

Canada launched Express Entry in 2015 as a system for managing applications for permanent residence through the same major economic immigration categories. Since then, most of the Canadian provinces and territories have produced ‘improved’ PNP streams that are compatible with Express Entry. However, this implies that some PNPs require an applicant to have an Express Entry profile to be eligible for the PNP.

Suppose an application is nominated through an Express Entry-aligned PNP. In that case, the applicant can claim 600 extra CRS (Comprehensive Ranking System) points, practically ensuring they will obtain an invitation to apply (ITA) for permanent residence in the following Express Entry draw. 

Similarly, suppose an applicant obtains a nomination from a PNP that is not aligned with the Express Entry. In that case, they must file a non-Express Entry federal application for permanent residence as a provincial nominee. Non-Express Entry federal permanent residency applications can take much longer to process than computerized Express Entry applications.

How to Apply for PNP via Express Entry?

Since each PNP is unique, the application process for getting a provincial nomination through the Express Entry system differs with each province. The steps involved for application process are as given below: 

  • Create an account
  • Submit your EE (Express Entry) profile
  • Apply to an Express Entry-aligned PNP
  • Get nominated under the EE stream
  • After confirmation, receive an additional 600 CRS points
  • Wait for the ITA (Invitation to apply)
  • Apply for Canada PR under the EE stream

Some PNPs allow applications from eligible candidates at all times, so if you are qualified, you can apply whenever you are ready. Other PNPs employ an Expression of Interest (EOI) method, in which qualified applicants submit a profile that is ranked on a points-based system to be invited to apply for nomination. Finally, certain PNPs encourage foreign nationals to apply directly from the Express Entry pool or may require interested persons to submit a formal Expression of Interest.

At times, the PNP application process may be complicated, and submitting an erroneous application may lead to the rejection of your profile. Therefore, you should take proper care to complete your application correctly and then submit it under the right stream or pathway.

Canadian PNP Program Processing Time 2022

However, it generally takes a few months. The application process determines the time required to process Provincial Nominee Programs (PNPs). If you are applying using the non-Express Entry process, it may take 1-2 years. However, if you apply using the Express Entry system, the processing time will be around six months. 

There are two steps to apply for a Canadian permanent residency under the PNP program:

Step 1: Apply to the province. 

Step 2: After approval, submit your application to the federal government. 

Here, it is important to note that only the federal government can grant you Canadian permanent residency. The time it takes to process your permanent residence application will depend on whether you filed a ‘basic’ or ‘enhanced’ PNP application.

Documents Required for PNP application

Candidates must produce documents proving their eligibility for the Provincial Nominee Program (PNP) to which they apply. The majority of provinces usually require:

  • Language results
  • Educational credential assessment (ECA) reports
  • Proof of work experience
  • Proof of settlement funds
  • Identity and civil status documents

Most of the PNPs may also ask for additional documents to prove that the candidate is genuine and plans to live in their province after getting nominated. 

PNP Draw Updates

Each Canadian province and territory has its own set of immigration policies known as Provincial Nominee Programs (PNPs). No two PNPs are precisely the same since each province has varied demographic and labour demands. Programs may be available at various periods of the year and for varying lengths of time. Each province releases its share of draws to fulfil its labour market needs on a regular basis. 

You can visit our page regularly to keep yourself updated with the latest PNP draw updates. You can also use our points calculator to assess your profile.

Can I apply for PNP without a job offer?

There are several Provincial Nominee Programs (PNPs) available to foreign candidates who do not have a job offer in Canada, such as:

  • Prince Edward Island Provincial Nominee Program (PEI PNP)
  • Alberta Immigrant Nominee Program (AINP)
  • Saskatchewan Immigrant Nominee Program (SINP)
  • Nova Scotia Nominee Program (NSNP)
  • Quebec Skilled Worker Program (QSWP)

These programs often seek people who have skills or work experience that will assist the provinces in filling their labour market or demographic gaps. 

To understand more, check out our dedicated blog post on moving to Canada without a job offer.

Why Choose WISA India?

WISA India is one of the most successful Canada immigration advisory firms in India. We are Canada immigration specialists working together to assist our clients in reaching their Canada immigration goals.

We are here to provide you with the most trusted Canada immigration services while taking care of all your immigration needs. With a team of highly experienced, professional and Canada immigration advisors, we will help you reach your immigration journey smoothly and quickly. We do not believe in leaving our clients midway. We will help you at every step of your immigration journey, from counselling and documentation to successful visa application filing. We will also help you to easily settle down in Canada with the help of our post landing services. In the past few years, we have guided nearly 1000s of individuals to get their Canada PR visas. We will help you in determining the best-suited immigration pathway for your profile.

If you have any questions about the various Provincial Nominee Programs, call our Canada immigration experts and get your application started right away!

What is Canada PNP?2022-07-13T17:01:04-05:00

The Canada Provincial Nominee Programs provide an important route to a Canada PR Visa. The PNPs allow Canadian territories and provinces to nominate skilled individuals to meet their specific labour market needs. These individuals must be eager to go to Canada and settle in a specified province.

Every territory and province in Canada has its own PNP. Quebec and Nunavut are the exceptions. Each PNP has at least one immigration stream linked to the federal Express Entry immigration selection system.

Nominations from provinces are available through these Express Entry-linked streams and are referred to as enhanced nominations. These nominations will give you an additional 600 CRS points for Express Entry. In addition, it practically guarantees an ITA for a Canada PR Visa in future Express Entry draws.

What are the Eligibility Requirements for the PNP program?2022-07-13T17:00:30-05:00

To apply for the PNP, you must either achieve the minimum qualifications for the province’s non-Express Entry streams or be nominated under that stream.

Does PNP Guarantee PR?2022-07-13T16:59:49-05:00

A Provincial Nomination does not ensure permanent residency. In addition, before CIC accepts your Permanent Resident status, you must fulfil certain statutory requirements, including health, security, and document validity.

Is the job offer mandatory for PNP?2022-07-13T16:59:13-05:00

No, it is not. The job offer is not mandatory for some of the PNPs, such as: 

  • Saskatchewan Immigrant Nominee Program (SINP)
  • Quebec Skilled Worker Program (QSWP)
  • Nova Scotia Nominee Program (NSNP)
  • Alberta PNP through Express Entry
  • Prince Edward Island PNP through Express Entry
  • Ontario Immigration Nominee Program (OINP)
Is Provincial Nominee Programs (PNP) a good option?2022-07-13T16:58:03-05:00

PNP immigration system has a longer processing time and higher processing fees than the Express Entry program. Still, it is the best option for aspiring immigrants who do not have a high CRS score but have a job offer in Canada that appears on the NOC list of the territory or province they are applying for.

Can I apply for multiple PNP in Canada?2022-07-13T16:56:46-05:00

Yes, you can apply for multiple PNP programs, but if you get nominated for more than one province, it is up to you to choose any one province out of them. Here, you should note that applying for multiple PNPs will also cost you high and is non-refundable.

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